MONERIS (MOdelling Nutrient Emissions in RIver Systems) is a semi-empirical, conceptual model for the quantification of nutrient emissions from point and diffuse sources in river catchments (BEHRENDT ET AL., 2000; 2002a; 2002b). MONERIS now has a new model surface programmed in C#, which we implemented in 2012, (previously EXCEL/VBA was used for all calculations). In MONERIS results are presented for total nitrogen (TN), total phosphorus (TP) and dissolved silicium (Si). Furthermore, a scenario manager has been developed to calculate the effects of measures on the nutrient emissions for different pathways and spatial units.The model is based on data for runoff and water quality for the study area, along with a Geographical Information System (GIS), thus bringing together digital maps as well as statistical information for different administrative levels. The application of MONERIS allows regionally differentiated quantification of nutrient emissions into a river system on the level of an analytical unit. The results can be visualised in GIS generated maps.
Figure 1 gives an overview of the main pathways and processes in MONERIS. There are seven pathways for nutrient emission into surface waters:
- point sources (from municipal waste water treatment plants and direct industrial discharge)
- atmospheric deposition on water surface areas
- tile drainages
- urban areas (sealed)
- overland flow (dissolved nutrients
The model facilitates beneath the calculations of emissions into surface waters, calculations of nutrient retention in surface waters, and allows a comparison between the calculated and the observed loads.
The Model MONERIS is realised in C#, it is built up of the following parts.
- MONERIS Preprocessing
- MONERIS 3.0